目录

Hyperledger Fabric的test-network启动过程Bash源码详解

前言

基于Debian搭建Hyperledger Fabric 2.4开发环境及运行简单案例中,我们已经完成了Fabric 2.4的环境搭建及fabric-samples/test-network官方案例的运行。毫无疑问test-network是一个优秀的入门项目,让我们仅仅通过几行命令就能搭建起常用的Fabric联盟链网络,但我相信很多人第一次使用./network.sh up成功启动联盟链网络时跟我一样是懵的:网络是怎样启动的?它在背后做了什么?该网络包含哪些节点?包含哪些功能?它有什么用?为了解决这些问题,本文根据test-network中的几个Bash脚本源码,从启动流程、创建通道、部署链码等多个入口函数着手详细分析了脚本执行过程,对未来定制自己的Fabric网络提供参考。本文分析源码主要包含启动默认网络、启动CA网络、创建通道、部署链码四个方面,每节分为官方调用和过程详解:官方调用是使用官方Bash脚本实现对应功能、过程详解是该脚本的实际实现流程,根据过程详解中的代码能够搭建出完全可用的网络。

准备

在开始前,需要准备好Fabric的开发环境,具体环境搭建和软件版本可参考基于Debian搭建Hyperledger Fabric 2.4开发环境及运行简单案例。之后将fabric-samples1下的test-network目录拷贝到本地,由于官方示例中过于封装导致难以单独使用,因此本文对原test-network项目进行修改,修改内容包括但不限于以下几个方面(建议直接将本案例仓库 FabricLearn 下的 0_TestNetworkExplain 目录拷贝到本地运行):

  1. 修改compose-test-net.yamlcompose-ca.yamldocker/docker-compose-test-net.yamldocker/docker-compose-ca.yaml文件中镜像版本:
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hyperledger/fabric-tools:latest    ->  hyperledger/fabric-tools:2.4
hyperledger/fabric-peer:latest     ->  fabric-peer:2.4
hyperledger/fabric-orderer:latest  ->  fabric-orderer:2.4
hyperledger/fabric-ca:latest       ->  fabric-ca:1.5
  1. 基于Debian搭建Hyperledger Fabric 2.4开发环境及运行简单案例中的/usr/local/fabric/config目录复制到test-network根目录下。如无特殊说明,环境变量FABRIC_CFG_PATH总是默认指向test-network/config目录。
  2. 修改docker-compose-test-net.yaml,将${DOCKER_SOCK}改成/var/run/docker.sock
  3. 修改createChannel.shdeployCC.sh,将FABRIC_CFG_PATH=$PWD/../config/改成FABRIC_CFG_PATH=$PWD/config/
  4. 如无特殊说明,本文所有命令皆运行在test-network根目录下。

启动默认网络

官方调用

test-network中,包含一个默认最简网络,该网络只包含两个peer节点、一个orderer节点和一个cli节点,其中各节点的证书使用cryptogen工具静态生成。可以直接运行以下命令启动默认最简网络:

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./network.sh up

https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/gh/wefantasy/FileCloud/img/202203301054060.png
启动默认网络

过程详解

  1. 检查依赖:
  • 检查peer版本
  • 检查./config配置目录是否存在
  • 检查peer版本与docker image版本是否匹配
  • 检查fabric-ca环境是否正常,默认使用cryptogen
    https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/gh/wefantasy/FileCloud/img/202203301057927.png
    检查软件、版本依赖
  1. 创建组织证书:
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cryptogen generate --config=./organizations/cryptogen/crypto-config-org1.yaml --output="organizations"
cryptogen generate --config=./organizations/cryptogen/crypto-config-org2.yaml --output="organizations"
cryptogen generate --config=./organizations/cryptogen/crypto-config-orderer.yaml --output="organizations"
  1. docker-compose启动所有容器:
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docker-compose -f compose/compose-test-net.yaml -f compose/docker/docker-compose-test-net.yaml up -d

https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/gh/wefantasy/FileCloud/img/202203301636872.png
启动默认网络-过程详解
其中compose-test-net.yaml包含基本镜像配置,docker-compose-test-net.yaml包含基础通用变量,二者缺一不可。以上命令完成后即可实现与./network.sh up完全相同的效果,进行下节实验前可使用./network.sh down关闭此网络。

启动CA网络

官方调用

在test-network中,可以通过fabric-ca启动网络,该网络使用fabric-ca管理所有节点的身份证书,其中包含三个ca节点、两个peer节点、一个orderer节点和一个cli节点。可以直接运行以下命令启动CA网络(后面所有实验基于此网络):

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./network.sh up -ca

https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/gh/wefantasy/FileCloud/img/202203301145846.png
启动CA网络

过程详解

  1. 检查软件、版本依赖:
    https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/gh/wefantasy/FileCloud/img/202203301057927.png
    检查软件、版本依赖
  2. 启动fabric-ca容器:
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docker-compose -f compose/compose-ca.yaml -f compose/docker/docker-compose-ca.yaml up -d
  1. 创建org1证书目录:
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# 创建组织证书根目录
mkdir -p organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/
  1. enroll管理员账户:
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# enroll组织默认管理员账户,其配置对应在compose/compose-ca.yaml的command中,enroll过程会获取该账户的全部证书并保存至FABRIC_CA_CLIENT_HOME目录下
export FABRIC_CA_CLIENT_HOME=${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/
fabric-ca-client enroll -u https://admin:[email protected]:7054 --caname ca-org1 --tls.certfiles "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/org1/ca-cert.pem"
  1. 创建org1组织的OU配置文件:
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# 创建组织msp的OU配置文件
echo 'NodeOUs:
  Enable: true
  ClientOUIdentifier:
    Certificate: cacerts/localhost-7054-ca-org1.pem
    OrganizationalUnitIdentifier: client
  PeerOUIdentifier:
    Certificate: cacerts/localhost-7054-ca-org1.pem
    OrganizationalUnitIdentifier: peer
  AdminOUIdentifier:
    Certificate: cacerts/localhost-7054-ca-org1.pem
    OrganizationalUnitIdentifier: admin
  OrdererOUIdentifier:
    Certificate: cacerts/localhost-7054-ca-org1.pem
    OrganizationalUnitIdentifier: orderer' > "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/msp/config.yaml"
  1. 构造tlscacerts证书目录(用于不同组织通信):
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# 由于该CA同时充当组织CA和tlsca,因此直接将CA启动时生成的组织根证书复制到组织级CA和TLS CA目录中
mkdir -p "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/msp/tlscacerts"
cp "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/org1/ca-cert.pem" "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/ca.crt"
  1. 构造tlsca证书目录(用于组织内客户端通信):
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mkdir -p "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/tlsca"
cp "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/org1/ca-cert.pem" "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/tlsca/tlsca.org1.example.com-cert.pem"
  1. 构造ca证书目录(用于组织内客户端通信):
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mkdir -p "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/ca"
cp "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/org1/ca-cert.pem" "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/ca/ca.org1.example.com-cert.pem"
  1. 为org1注册新账户:
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fabric-ca-client register --caname ca-org1 --id.name peer0 --id.secret peer0pw --id.type peer --tls.certfiles "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/org1/ca-cert.pem"
fabric-ca-client register --caname ca-org1 --id.name user1 --id.secret user1pw --id.type client --tls.certfiles "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/org1/ca-cert.pem"
fabric-ca-client register --caname ca-org1 --id.name org1admin --id.secret org1adminpw --id.type admin --tls.certfiles "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/org1/ca-cert.pem"
  1. 构造peer0的身份证书目录:
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# 构造peer0的msp证书目录,证书文件会存在-M指定的文件夹下
fabric-ca-client enroll -u https://peer0:[email protected]:7054 --caname ca-org1 -M "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/peers/peer0.org1.example.com/msp" --csr.hosts peer0.org1.example.com --tls.certfiles "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/org1/ca-cert.pem"
cp "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/msp/config.yaml" "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/peers/peer0.org1.example.com/msp/config.yaml"
# 构造peer0的msp-tls证书目录
fabric-ca-client enroll -u https://peer0:[email protected]:7054 --caname ca-org1 -M "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/peers/peer0.org1.example.com/tls" --enrollment.profile tls --csr.hosts peer0.org1.example.com --csr.hosts localhost --tls.certfiles "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/org1/ca-cert.pem"
# 构造peer0的tls证书目录并格式化文件名——用于启动peer docker容器
cp "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/peers/peer0.org1.example.com/tls/tlscacerts/"* "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/peers/peer0.org1.example.com/tls/ca.crt"
cp "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/peers/peer0.org1.example.com/tls/signcerts/"* "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/peers/peer0.org1.example.com/tls/server.crt"
cp "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/peers/peer0.org1.example.com/tls/keystore/"* "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/peers/peer0.org1.example.com/tls/server.key"
  1. 构造其它用户身份证书目录:
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# 构造user1的msp证书目录,因为不用于组织间通信,所以不用配置tls
fabric-ca-client enroll -u https://user1:[email protected]:7054 --caname ca-org1 -M "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/users/[email protected]/msp" --tls.certfiles "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/org1/ca-cert.pem"
cp "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/msp/config.yaml" "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/users/[email protected]/msp/config.yaml"

# 构造org1admin的msp证书目录
fabric-ca-client enroll -u https://org1admin:[email protected]:7054 --caname ca-org1 -M "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/users/[email protected]/msp" --tls.certfiles "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/org1/ca-cert.pem"
cp "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/msp/config.yaml" "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/users/[email protected]/msp/config.yaml"
  1. 构造org2的组织证书,关键代码如下(各代码含义如上):
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mkdir -p organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/
export FABRIC_CA_CLIENT_HOME=${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/

fabric-ca-client enroll -u https://admin:[email protected]:8054 --caname ca-org2 --tls.certfiles "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/org2/ca-cert.pem"

echo 'NodeOUs:
Enable: true
ClientOUIdentifier:
Certificate: cacerts/localhost-8054-ca-org2.pem
OrganizationalUnitIdentifier: client
PeerOUIdentifier:
Certificate: cacerts/localhost-8054-ca-org2.pem
OrganizationalUnitIdentifier: peer
AdminOUIdentifier:
Certificate: cacerts/localhost-8054-ca-org2.pem
OrganizationalUnitIdentifier: admin
OrdererOUIdentifier:
Certificate: cacerts/localhost-8054-ca-org2.pem
OrganizationalUnitIdentifier: orderer' > "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/msp/config.yaml"

mkdir -p "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/msp/tlscacerts"
cp "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/org2/ca-cert.pem" "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/ca.crt"
mkdir -p "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/tlsca"
cp "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/org2/ca-cert.pem" "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/tlsca/tlsca.org2.example.com-cert.pem"
mkdir -p "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/ca"
cp "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/org2/ca-cert.pem" "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/ca/ca.org2.example.com-cert.pem"

fabric-ca-client register --caname ca-org2 --id.name peer0 --id.secret peer0pw --id.type peer --tls.certfiles "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/org2/ca-cert.pem"
fabric-ca-client register --caname ca-org2 --id.name user1 --id.secret user1pw --id.type client --tls.certfiles "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/org2/ca-cert.pem"
fabric-ca-client register --caname ca-org2 --id.name org2admin --id.secret org2adminpw --id.type admin --tls.certfiles "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/org2/ca-cert.pem"

fabric-ca-client enroll -u https://peer0:[email protected]:8054 --caname ca-org2 -M "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/peers/peer0.org2.example.com/msp" --csr.hosts peer0.org2.example.com --tls.certfiles "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/org2/ca-cert.pem"
cp "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/msp/config.yaml" "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/peers/peer0.org2.example.com/msp/config.yaml"
fabric-ca-client enroll -u https://peer0:[email protected]:8054 --caname ca-org2 -M "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/peers/peer0.org2.example.com/tls" --enrollment.profile tls --csr.hosts peer0.org2.example.com --csr.hosts localhost --tls.certfiles "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/org2/ca-cert.pem"

cp "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/peers/peer0.org2.example.com/tls/tlscacerts/"* "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/peers/peer0.org2.example.com/tls/ca.crt"
cp "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/peers/peer0.org2.example.com/tls/signcerts/"* "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/peers/peer0.org2.example.com/tls/server.crt"
cp "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/peers/peer0.org2.example.com/tls/keystore/"* "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/peers/peer0.org2.example.com/tls/server.key"

fabric-ca-client enroll -u https://user1:[email protected]:8054 --caname ca-org2 -M "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/users/[email protected]/msp" --tls.certfiles "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/org2/ca-cert.pem"
cp "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/msp/config.yaml" "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/users/[email protected]/msp/config.yaml"

fabric-ca-client enroll -u https://org2admin:[email protected]:8054 --caname ca-org2 -M "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/users/[email protected]/msp" --tls.certfiles "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/org2/ca-cert.pem"
cp "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/msp/config.yaml" "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/users/[email protected]/msp/config.yaml"
  1. 构造orderer的组织证书,关键代码如下:
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mkdir -p organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com
export FABRIC_CA_CLIENT_HOME=${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com

fabric-ca-client enroll -u https://admin:[email protected]:9054 --caname ca-orderer --tls.certfiles "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/ordererOrg/ca-cert.pem"

echo 'NodeOUs:
Enable: true
ClientOUIdentifier:
Certificate: cacerts/localhost-9054-ca-orderer.pem
OrganizationalUnitIdentifier: client
PeerOUIdentifier:
Certificate: cacerts/localhost-9054-ca-orderer.pem
OrganizationalUnitIdentifier: peer
AdminOUIdentifier:
Certificate: cacerts/localhost-9054-ca-orderer.pem
OrganizationalUnitIdentifier: admin
OrdererOUIdentifier:
Certificate: cacerts/localhost-9054-ca-orderer.pem
OrganizationalUnitIdentifier: orderer' > "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/msp/config.yaml"

mkdir -p "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/msp/tlscacerts"
cp "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/ordererOrg/ca-cert.pem" "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem"
mkdir -p "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/tlsca"
cp "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/ordererOrg/ca-cert.pem" "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/tlsca/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem"

fabric-ca-client register --caname ca-orderer --id.name orderer --id.secret ordererpw --id.type orderer --tls.certfiles "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/ordererOrg/ca-cert.pem"
fabric-ca-client register --caname ca-orderer --id.name ordererAdmin --id.secret ordererAdminpw --id.type admin --tls.certfiles "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/ordererOrg/ca-cert.pem"
fabric-ca-client enroll -u https://orderer:[email protected]:9054 --caname ca-orderer -M "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp" --csr.hosts orderer.example.com --csr.hosts localhost --tls.certfiles "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/ordererOrg/ca-cert.pem"

cp "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/msp/config.yaml" "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/config.yaml"

fabric-ca-client enroll -u https://orderer:[email protected]:9054 --caname ca-orderer -M "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/tls" --enrollment.profile tls --csr.hosts orderer.example.com --csr.hosts localhost --tls.certfiles "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/ordererOrg/ca-cert.pem"

cp "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/tls/tlscacerts/"* "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/tls/ca.crt"
cp "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/tls/signcerts/"* "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/tls/server.crt"
cp "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/tls/keystore/"* "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/tls/server.key"
mkdir -p "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts"
cp "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/tls/tlscacerts/"* "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem"

fabric-ca-client enroll -u https://ordererAdmin:[email protected]:9054 --caname ca-orderer -M "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/users/[email protected]/msp" --tls.certfiles "${PWD}/organizations/fabric-ca/ordererOrg/ca-cert.pem"
cp "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/msp/config.yaml" "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/users/[email protected]/msp/config.yaml"
  1. 启动所有容器
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docker-compose -f compose/compose-test-net.yaml -f compose/docker/docker-compose-test-net.yaml up -d

以上命令成功后便可使用docker ps命令看到运行的镜像:

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CONTAINER ID   IMAGE                            COMMAND                  CREATED          STATUS          PORTS                                                                    NAMES
75e842d165ea   hyperledger/fabric-tools:2.4     "/bin/bash"              10 seconds ago   Up 8 seconds                                                                             cli
576b578063c5   hyperledger/fabric-peer:2.4      "peer node start"        16 seconds ago   Up 10 seconds   0.0.0.0:9051->9051/tcp, 7051/tcp, 0.0.0.0:9445->9445/tcp                 peer0.org2.example.com
512d7d98c8c4   hyperledger/fabric-orderer:2.4   "orderer"                16 seconds ago   Up 14 seconds   0.0.0.0:7050->7050/tcp, 0.0.0.0:7053->7053/tcp, 0.0.0.0:9443->9443/tcp   orderer.example.com
276f463cc6a7   hyperledger/fabric-peer:2.4      "peer node start"        16 seconds ago   Up 12 seconds   0.0.0.0:7051->7051/tcp, 0.0.0.0:9444->9444/tcp                           peer0.org1.example.com
8faaaaa7e17a   hyperledger/fabric-ca:1.5        "sh -c 'fabric-ca-se…"   21 seconds ago   Up 20 seconds   0.0.0.0:9054->9054/tcp, 7054/tcp, 0.0.0.0:19054->19054/tcp               ca_orderer
c253d9b790be   hyperledger/fabric-ca:1.5        "sh -c 'fabric-ca-se…"   21 seconds ago   Up 20 seconds   0.0.0.0:7054->7054/tcp, 0.0.0.0:17054->17054/tcp                         ca_org1
0aa90a2686a8   hyperledger/fabric-ca:1.5        "sh -c 'fabric-ca-se…"   21 seconds ago   Up 20 seconds   0.0.0.0:8054->8054/tcp, 7054/tcp, 0.0.0.0:18054->18054/tcp               ca_org2

创建通道

官方调用

本小节基于上一节 启动CA网络,在上节CA网络启动成功后,可以直接运行以下命令创建通道:

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./network.sh createChannel -c mychannel

https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/gh/isfantasy/FileCloud/img/202203292049593.png
创建通道

创建通道的前提是创建该通道的创世区块,在上节步骤中,我们通过无通道、无创世区块的方式启动了整个网络,所在本节创建通道包含创建创世区块的过程。

过程详解

  1. 检查依赖,并启动网络(同上)。
  2. 设置环境变量,用于操作区块链网络
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export CORE_PEER_TLS_ENABLED=true
export CHANNEL_NAME=mychannel
export ORDERER_CA=${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/tlsca/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem
export PEER0_ORG1_CA=${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/tlsca/tlsca.org1.example.com-cert.pem
export PEER0_ORG2_CA=${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/tlsca/tlsca.org2.example.com-cert.pem
export PEER0_ORG3_CA=${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org3.example.com/tlsca/tlsca.org3.example.com-cert.pem
export ORDERER_ADMIN_TLS_SIGN_CERT=${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/tls/server.crt
export ORDERER_ADMIN_TLS_PRIVATE_KEY=${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/tls/server.key
  1. 创建通道创世区块:
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# 创建通道数据目录
mkdir channel-artifacts
# 配置创世区块环境变量
export FABRIC_CFG_PATH=${PWD}/configtx
configtxgen -profile TwoOrgsApplicationGenesis -outputBlock ./channel-artifacts/${CHANNEL_NAME}.block -channelID ${CHANNEL_NAME}
  1. 创建通道:
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# 配置通道环境变量
export FABRIC_CFG_PATH=./config
osnadmin channel join --channelID ${CHANNEL_NAME} --config-block ./channel-artifacts/${CHANNEL_NAME}.block -o localhost:7053 --ca-file "$ORDERER_CA" --client-cert "$ORDERER_ADMIN_TLS_SIGN_CERT" --client-key "$ORDERER_ADMIN_TLS_PRIVATE_KEY"
  1. 使peer节点加入通道:
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# 将org1的peer加入通道
export CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID="Org1MSP"
export CORE_PEER_TLS_ROOTCERT_FILE=$PEER0_ORG1_CA
export CORE_PEER_MSPCONFIGPATH=${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/users/[email protected]/msp
export CORE_PEER_ADDRESS=localhost:7051
peer channel join -b ./channel-artifacts/${CHANNEL_NAME}.block
# 将org2的peer加入通道
export CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID="Org2MSP"
export CORE_PEER_TLS_ROOTCERT_FILE=$PEER0_ORG2_CA
export CORE_PEER_MSPCONFIGPATH=${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/users/[email protected]/msp
export CORE_PEER_ADDRESS=localhost:9051
peer channel join -b ./channel-artifacts/${CHANNEL_NAME}.block

组织新加入通道后,后面为组织设置锚节点(非必须)。
6. 为通道获取通道最新配置块(以下流程为org1环境):

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export CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID="Org1MSP"
export CORE_PEER_TLS_ROOTCERT_FILE=$PEER0_ORG1_CA
export CORE_PEER_MSPCONFIGPATH=${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/users/[email protected]/msp
export CORE_PEER_ADDRESS=localhost:7051
peer channel fetch config config_block.pb -o orderer.example.com:7050 --ordererTLSHostnameOverride orderer.example.com -c ${CHANNEL_NAME} --tls --cafile "$ORDERER_CA"
  1. 将配置块解码为JSON并输出为${CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID}config.json
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configtxlator proto_decode --input config_block.pb --type common.Block --output config_block.json
jq .data.data[0].payload.data.config config_block.json >"${CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID}config.json"
  1. 追加锚节点配置:
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jq '.channel_group.groups.Application.groups.'${CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID}'.values += {"AnchorPeers":{"mod_policy": "Admins","value":{"anchor_peers": [{"host": "'$HOST'","port": '$PORT'}]},"version": "0"}}' ${CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID}config.json > ${CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID}modified_config.json
  1. 根据链上配置${CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID}config.json和追加配置${CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID}modified_config.json计算更新的配置,并将其作为一个新交易写入${CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID}anchors.tx
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configtxlator proto_encode --input ${CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID}config.json --type common.Config --output original_config.pb
configtxlator proto_encode --input ${CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID}modified_config.json --type common.Config --output modified_config.pb
configtxlator compute_update --channel_id "${CHANNEL_NAME}" --original original_config.pb --updated modified_config.pb --output config_update.pb
configtxlator proto_decode --input config_update.pb --type common.ConfigUpdate --output config_update.json
echo '{"payload":{"header":{"channel_header":{"channel_id":"'$CHANNEL_NAME'", "type":2}},"data":{"config_update":'$(cat config_update.json)'}}}' | jq . >config_update_in_envelope.json
configtxlator proto_encode --input config_update_in_envelope.json --type common.Envelope --output "${CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID}anchors.tx"
  1. 更新锚节点:
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peer channel update -o orderer.example.com:7050 --ordererTLSHostnameOverride orderer.example.com -c $CHANNEL_NAME -f ${CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID}anchors.tx --tls --cafile "$ORDERER_CA"
  1. org2重复以上流程即创建成功:
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echo "update org2 anchor==========="
export CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID="Org2MSP"
export CORE_PEER_TLS_ROOTCERT_FILE=$PEER0_ORG2_CA
export CORE_PEER_MSPCONFIGPATH=${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/users/[email protected]/msp
export CORE_PEER_ADDRESS=localhost:9051
peer channel fetch config config_block.pb -o localhost:7050 --ordererTLSHostnameOverride orderer.example.com -c ${CHANNEL_NAME} --tls --cafile "$ORDERER_CA"
sleep 3

configtxlator proto_decode --input config_block.pb --type common.Block --output config_block.json
jq .data.data[0].payload.data.config config_block.json >"${CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID}config.json"

jq '.channel_group.groups.Application.groups.'${CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID}'.values += {"AnchorPeers":{"mod_policy": "Admins","value":{"anchor_peers": [{"host": "localhost","port": 9051}]},"version": "0"}}' ${CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID}config.json > ${CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID}modified_config.json

configtxlator proto_encode --input ${CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID}config.json --type common.Config --output original_config.pb
configtxlator proto_encode --input ${CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID}modified_config.json --type common.Config --output original_config.pb
configtxlator compute_update --channel_id "${CHANNEL_NAME}" --original original_config.pb --updated modified_config.pb --output config_update.pb
configtxlator proto_decode --input config_update.pb --type common.ConfigUpdate --output config_update.json
echo '{"payload":{"header":{"channel_header":{"channel_id":"'$CHANNEL_NAME'", "type":2}},"data":{"config_update":'$(cat config_update.json)'}}}' | jq . >config_update_in_envelope.json
configtxlator proto_encode --input config_update_in_envelope.json --type common.Envelope --output "${CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID}anchors.tx"

peer channel update -o localhost:7050 --ordererTLSHostnameOverride orderer.example.com -c $CHANNEL_NAME -f ${CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID}anchors.tx --tls --cafile "$ORDERER_CA"
sleep 3

部署链码

官方调用

本小节基于上一节 创建通道,在上节通道创建成功后,可以直接运行以下命令部署链码:

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./network.sh deployCC -ccn mychaincode -ccp ./asset-transfer-basic-go -ccv 1.0 -ccl go

https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/gh/wefantasy/FileCloud/img/202203301045453.png
部署链码

过程详解

  1. 检查参数是否正常:
    https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/gh/wefantasy/FileCloud/img/202203301046994.png
    检查参数是否正常
  2. 下载asset-transfer-basic-go的包依赖:
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pushd asset-transfer-basic-go            # 进入asset-transfer-basic-go目录
GO111MODULE=on go mod vendor    # 下载go包依赖
popd                            #返回当前目录
  1. 检查链码是否需要初始化、设置策略、私有数据集:
    https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/gh/wefantasy/FileCloud/img/202203300949883.png
    检查链码
  2. 设置环境变量:
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export FABRIC_CFG_PATH=$PWD/config/
export CORE_PEER_TLS_ENABLED=true
export ORDERER_CA=${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/tlsca/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem
export PEER0_ORG1_CA=${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/tlsca/tlsca.org1.example.com-cert.pem
export PEER0_ORG2_CA=${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/tlsca/tlsca.org2.example.com-cert.pem
export PEER0_ORG3_CA=${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org3.example.com/tlsca/tlsca.org3.example.com-cert.pem
export ORDERER_ADMIN_TLS_SIGN_CERT=${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/tls/server.crt
export ORDERER_ADMIN_TLS_PRIVATE_KEY=${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/tls/server.key
  1. 打包链码:
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peer lifecycle chaincode package mychaincode.tar.gz --path ./asset-transfer-basic-go --lang golang --label mychaincode_1.0
  1. 安装链码:
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# ORG1安装链码
export CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID="Org1MSP"
export CORE_PEER_TLS_ROOTCERT_FILE=$PEER0_ORG1_CA
export CORE_PEER_MSPCONFIGPATH=${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/users/[email protected]/msp
export CORE_PEER_ADDRESS=localhost:7051
peer lifecycle chaincode install mychaincode.tar.gz
# ORG2安装链码
export CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID="Org2MSP"
export CORE_PEER_TLS_ROOTCERT_FILE=$PEER0_ORG2_CA
export CORE_PEER_MSPCONFIGPATH=${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/users/[email protected]/msp
export CORE_PEER_ADDRESS=localhost:9051
peer lifecycle chaincode install mychaincode.tar.gz

安装链码后会返回一个链码 ID 需要记下:

https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/gh/wefantasy/FileCloud/img/hyperledger_fabric_0_test_network_explain-2022-04-06-12-58-49.png
链码 ID
7. 将链码 ID 设为环境变量:

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export PACKAGE_ID=mychaincode_1.0:39889cf0623cce2500261b22914a7aa9037a897bc7f6c5b36df7a922f29b05e0
  1. ORG1查询已安装链码并批准链码:
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export CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID="Org1MSP"
export CORE_PEER_TLS_ROOTCERT_FILE=$PEER0_ORG1_CA
export CORE_PEER_MSPCONFIGPATH=${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/users/[email protected]/msp
export CORE_PEER_ADDRESS=localhost:7051
# 查询已安装链码
peer lifecycle chaincode queryinstalled
# 批准链码
peer lifecycle chaincode approveformyorg -o localhost:7050 --ordererTLSHostnameOverride orderer.example.com --tls --cafile "$ORDERER_CA" --channelID mychannel --name mychaincode --version 1.0 --package-id ${PACKAGE_ID} --sequence 1
  1. ORG2查询已安装链码并批准链码:
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export CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID="Org2MSP"
export CORE_PEER_TLS_ROOTCERT_FILE=$PEER0_ORG2_CA
export CORE_PEER_MSPCONFIGPATH=${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/users/[email protected]/msp
export CORE_PEER_ADDRESS=localhost:9051
# 查询已安装链码
peer lifecycle chaincode queryinstalled
# 批准链码
peer lifecycle chaincode approveformyorg -o localhost:7050 --ordererTLSHostnameOverride orderer.example.com --tls --cafile "$ORDERER_CA" --channelID mychannel --name mychaincode --version 1.0 --package-id ${PACKAGE_ID} --sequence 1
  1. 检查链码是否已准备好被提交:
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peer lifecycle chaincode checkcommitreadiness --channelID mychannel --name mychaincode --version 1.0 --sequence 1 --output json

https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/gh/wefantasy/FileCloud/img/hyperledger_fabric_0_test_network_explain-2022-04-06-13-01-44.png
检查链码是否已准备好被提交:
11. 提交链码:

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peer lifecycle chaincode commit -o localhost:7050 --ordererTLSHostnameOverride orderer.example.com --tls --cafile "$ORDERER_CA"  --channelID mychannel --name mychaincode --version 1.0 --sequence 1 --peerAddresses localhost:7051 --tlsRootCertFiles $PEER0_ORG1_CA --peerAddresses localhost:9051 --tlsRootCertFiles $PEER0_ORG2_CA
  1. 查询提交的链码:
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peer lifecycle chaincode querycommitted --channelID mychannel --name mychaincode
  1. 调用链码:
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peer chaincode invoke -o localhost:7050 --ordererTLSHostnameOverride orderer.example.com --tls --cafile "$ORDERER_CA" -C mychannel -n mychaincode --peerAddresses

总结

本文先是说明了fabric-samples过度的封装不利于我们了解掌握其中各个操作的真实过程,然后单独拿出test-network进行修改定制,最后详细分析了test-network中启动默认网络、启动CA网络、创建通道、部署链码的详细过程,并且给出了每个过程的代码,使我们能够根据代码一步步搭建所述网络,进一步理解Fabric架构。

参考


  1. hyperledger. fabric-samples. Github. ↩︎